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#Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS (@WHO, Apr. 2 ‘17)

  Title : #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS. Subject : Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (Asian Lineage), poultry e...

20 Aug 2017

#Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–August 20 2017 #Update, Issue No. 79


Title: #Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–August 20 2017 #Update, Issue No. 79.

Subject: Zika Virus Infection and related complications research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]

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New References:

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  1. . GOODRIDGE K, Reveiz L, Elias V.
    • An overview of financial sources being utilized to support Zika Virus published research.
      • PLoS One. 2017;12:e0183134.
  2. DE BROUCKER T, Mailles A, Stahl JP.
    • Neurological Presentation of Zika Virus Infection Beyond the Perinatal Period.
      • Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2017;19:35.
  3. ANFASA F, Siegers JY, van der Kroeg M, Mumtaz N, et al.
    • Phenotypic Differences between Asian and African Lineage Zika Viruses in Human Neural Progenitor Cells.
      • mSphere. 2017;2.
  4. PACIORKOWSKI AR.
    • Congenital Zika syndrome: an epidemic of neurologic disability.
      • Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2017;75:605.
  5. KUBLIN JL, Whitney JB.
    • Zika Virus Research Models.
      • Virus Res. 2017 Aug 12. pii: S0168-1702(17)30622.
  6. ZHAO Z, Yang M, Azar SR, Soong L, et al.
    • Viral Retinopathy in Experimental Models of Zika Infection.
      • Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017;58:4075-4085.
  7. SELTZER EK, Horst-Martz E, Lu M, Merchant RM, et al.
    • Public sentiment and discourse about Zika virus on Instagram.
      • Public Health. 2017;150:170-175.
  8. UGARTE SU, Arenas ARV, Alvarez BC, Cubides A, et al.
    • Zika virus-induced neurological critical illness in Latin America: Severe Guillain-Barre Syndrome and encephalitis.
      • J Crit Care. 2017;42:275-281.
  9. HARVILLE EW.
    • Paediatric Zika - Beyond Pregnant Women.
      • Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12393.
  10. TOLOSA N, Tinker SC, Pacheco O, Valencia D, et al.
    • Zika Virus Disease in Children in Colombia, August 2015 to May 2016.
      • Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12391.
  11. TYLER KL, Roos KL.
    • The Expanding Spectrum of Zika Virus Infections of the Nervous System.
      • JAMA Neurol. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.1471.
  12. DA SILVA IRF, Frontera JA, Bispo de Filippis AM, Nascimento OJMD, et al.
    • Neurologic Complications Associated With the Zika Virus in Brazilian Adults.
      • JAMA Neurol. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.1703.
  13. TIN SS, Wiwanitkit V.
    • Zika Virus in Ontario: Evaluating a Rapid Risk Assessment Tool.
      • Health Secur. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1089/hs.2017.0053.
  14. HADI T, MacGregor J, Mann L.
    • Social Media Monitoring: 2016 Zika Response in NYC.
      • Health Secur. 2017 Aug 14. doi: 10.1089/hs.2017.0031.
  15. DESAI SK, Hartman SD, Jayarajan S, Liu S, et al.
    • Zika Virus (ZIKV): a review of proposed mechanisms of transmission and associated congenital abnormalities.
      • Am J Stem Cells. 2017;6:13-22.
  16. DE CARVALHO OV, Felix DM, de Mendonca LR, de Araujo CMCS, et al.
    • The thiopurine nucleoside analogue 6-methylmercaptopurine riboside (6MMPr) effectively blocks zika virus replication.
      • Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2017 Aug 10. pii: S0924-8579(17)30308.
  17. CHIESA V, Ragni P.
    • Zika Virus and Neurological Disease: Investing in Prevention.
      • Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2017 Aug 14:1-2. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2017.
  18. SHUTT DP, Manore CA, Pankavich S, Porter AT, et al.
    • Estimating the reproductive number, total outbreak size, and reporting rates for Zika epidemics in South and Central America.
      • Epidemics. 2017 Jul 13. pii: S1755-4365(17)30025.
  19. KITTAYAPONG P, Olanratmanee P, Maskhao P, Byass P, et al.
    • Mitigating Diseases Transmitted by Aedes Mosquitoes: A Cluster-Randomised Trial of Permethrin-Impregnated School Uniforms.
      • PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017;11:e0005197.
  20. LIU ZY, Yu JY, Huang XY, Fan H, et al.
    • Characterization of cis-acting RNA elements of Zika virus by using a self-splicing ribozyme-dependent infectious clone.
      • J Virol. 2017 Aug 16. pii: JVI.00484-17. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00484.
  21. DE LAVAL F, Matheus S, Labrousse T, Enfissi A, et al.
    • Kinetics of Zika Viral Load in Semen.
      • N Engl J Med. 2017;377:697-699.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Zika References Library.

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#Indonesia, #Bekasi #bird #shop owner suspected of [#H5N1] #avian #flu #infection (Jakarta Post, August 20 ‘17)


Title: #Indonesia, #Bekasi #bird #shop owner suspected of [#H5N1] #avian #flu #infection.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N1 subtype, suspected human case in Indonesia.

Source: Jakarta Post, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Bekasi bird shop owner suspected of avian flu infection

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News Desk  / The Jakarta Post  / Jakarta | Sun, August 20, 2017 | 07:01 pm

The inhabitant of a house that also serves as a bird shop on Jl. Gang Gamprit in Jatiwaringin, Bekasi, has been admitted to the hospital following indications of avian influenza.

The 30-year-old housewife complained of respiratory problems on Aug. 7 and was taken to the Cibitung Hospital two days later. Early findings at the hospital show that she might have contracted the H5N1 virus.

(…)

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Keywords: H5N1; Avian Influenza; Indonesia.

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#Yemen – #Cholera Response – Daily #Epidemiological #Update – August 19 2016 (@WHO EMRO, edited)


Title: #Yemen – #Cholera Response – Daily #Epidemiological #Update – August 19 2016.

Subject: Acute Watery Diarrhea and Cholera outbreak in Yemen, current situation.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Yemen – Cholera Response – Daily Epidemiological Update – August 19 2016

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Cholera; Yemen.

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19 Aug 2017

#Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library– August 19 2017 Issue


Title: #Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library– August 19 2017 Issue.

Subject: Human and Animal Influenza Viruses, other respiratory pathogens research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]

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New References:

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  1. GUBAREVA LV, Besselaar TG, Daniels RS, Fry A, et al.
    • Global update on the susceptibility of human influenza viruses to neuraminidase inhibitors, 2015-2016.
      • Antiviral Res. 2017 Aug 9. pii: S0166-3542(17)30267.
  2. TANG JW, Mutuyimana J, Teo KW, Lea S, et al.
    • Early seasonal influenza vaccination and delayed influenza peaks - a possible cause of end-of-season outbreaks.
      • J Infect. 2017 Aug 10. pii: S0163-4453(17)30259.
  3. SCHLABERG R, Queen K, Simmon K, Tardif K, et al.
    • Viral Pathogen Detection by Metagenomics and Pan-Viral Group Polymerase Chain Reaction in Children With Pneumonia Lacking Identifiable Etiology.
      • J Infect Dis. 2017;215:1407-1415.
  4. BOECKH M, Stevens-Ayers T, Travi G, Huang ML, et al.
    • Bronchoalveolar Lavage DNA Quantification in Cytomegalovirus Pneumonia after Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.
      • J Infect Dis. 2017 Feb 9. doi: 10.1093.
  5. LOPES AM, Domingues P, Zell R, Hale BG, et al.
    • Structure-Guided Functional Annotation of the Influenza A Virus NS1 Protein Reveals Dynamic Evolution of the p85beta-Binding Site During Circulation in Humans.
      • J Virol. 2017 Aug 16. pii: JVI.01081-17. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01081.
  6. WANG Z, Yang H, Chen Y, Tao S, et al.
    • A Single-Amino-Acid Substitution at Position 225 in HA Alters the Transmissibility of Eurasian Avian-like H1N1 Swine Influenza Virus in Guinea Pigs.
      • J Virol. 2017 Aug 16. pii: JVI.00800-17. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00800.
  7. SUN H, Blackmon S, Yang G, Waters K, et al.
    • Zoonotic Risk, Pathogenesis, and Transmission of Avian-Origin H3N2 Canine Influenza Virus.
      • J Virol. 2017 Aug 16. pii: JVI.00637-17. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00637.
  8. D'ANGIO CT, Wyman CP, Misra RS, Halliley JL, et al.
    • Plasma cell and serum antibody responses to influenza vaccine in preterm and full-term infants.
      • Vaccine. 2017 Aug 11. pii: S0264-410X(17)31068.
  9. MCBRIDE JM, Lim JJ, Burgess T, Deng R, et al.
    • Safety and Efficacy of MHAA4549A, a Broadly Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody, in a Human Influenza A Challenge Model: A Phase 2 Randomized Trial.
      • Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2017 Aug 14. pii: AAC.01154.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Influenza References Library.

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#UndertheLens: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (#MERS) is an illness caused by a #coronavirus - called #MERS-CoV (@CDCgov, edited)


Title: #UndertheLens: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (#MERS) is an illness caused by a #coronavirus - called #MERS-CoV.

Subject: MERS Coronavirus, educational materials.

Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [  EDU  ]

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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is an illness caused by a #coronavirus - called Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Most MERS patients developed severe acute respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath. There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for MERS-CoV infection. Individuals with MERS often receive medical care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, current treatment includes care to support vital organ functions. This highly magnified, digitally colorized scanning electron microscopic image reveals two circular MERS-CoV viral particles, colorized blue, on the surface of a camel epithelial cell, colorized red. Learn more: www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/mers/. : @NIAID in CDC Public Health Image Library (phil.cdc.gov) #UndertheLens #biology #science #CDC #PublicHealth #health

Un post condiviso da Centers for Disease Control (@cdcgov) in data:

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Keywords: MERS-CoV; US CDC; Educational Materials.

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#HK, Suspected #MERS #Coronavirus case reported (CHP, August 19 ‘17)


Title: #HK, Suspected #MERS #Coronavirus case reported.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, suspected imported case in Hong Kong.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Suspected MERS case reported

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The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (August 19) reported a suspected case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and again urged the public to pay special attention to safety during travel, taking due consideration of health risks of the places of visit.

The case is detailed below:

  • Sex – Male
  • Age – 47
  • Affected area involved - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  • Hospital - United Christian Hospital
  • Condition – Stable
  • MERS-CoV preliminary test result – Negative

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(…)

The public may visit:

Tour leaders and tour guides operating overseas tours are advised to refer to the CHP's health advice on MERS.

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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18 Aug 2017

Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Italy–#Update (#IZSVE, August 18 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Italy–#Update.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry enzootic in Italy.

Source: National Reference Laboratory for Avian Influenza, Padua, Italy, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Italy

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|-- Outbreaks | PDF (last update: 18/08/2017) —|

|-- Map | PDF (last update: 10/08/2017) –|


Summary

  • 18/08/2017 – Today, culling, cleaning and disinfection procedures have been concluded, for all positive cases of Avian Influenza and all of the at-risk farms subjected to preventive culling.
  • Therefore, currently all outbreaks of Avian Influenza in Italy have been resolved.

(…)

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Keywords: Italy; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8; Poultry.

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Reported #Infections with Variant #Influenza [#H1N2v, #H3N2v, #H1N1v] Viruses in the #US since 2005 (@CDCgov, August 18 ‘17)


Title: Reported #Infections with Variant #Influenza [#H1N2v, #H3N2v, #H1N1v] Viruses in the #US since 2005.

Subject: Influenza A Virus of Swine Origin, H1 & H3 subtypes, human cases in the US.

Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Reported Infections with Variant Influenza Viruses in the United States since 2005

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Language: [ English (US) | Español ]

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Summary

  • When people are infected with influenza A viruses that are known to be genetically similar to viruses circulating in swine, these viruses are called “variant viruses” and denoted with a letter “v”.
  • The table below reflects the most current case counts for variant virus infections reported in the United States since 2005.
  • Most infections with variant viruses have occurred in children (persons 18 or younger) and most cases have reported direct or indirect exposure to swine prior to onset of illness.
  • Limited transmission from close contact with an infected person has been observed in some investigations of human infections with variant viruses, but sustained human-to-human transmission has not been documented.

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Table. Case Count: Detected U.S. Infections with Variant Influenza Viruses by State since December 2005

[Reporting State – H3N2v – H1N1v – H1N2v - Total Detected Influenza Variant Virus infections]

  1. Arkansas – … – 2 – …
  2. Hawaii – 1 – … – …
  3. Illinois – 5 – 1 – …
  4. Indiana – 154 – … – …
  5. Iowa – 6 – 4 – 1
  6. Kansas – 1 – … – …
  7. Maine – 2 – … – …
  8. Maryland – 12 – … – …
  9. Michigan – 21 – … – 1
  10. Minnesota – 9 – 4 – 6
  11. Missouri – … – 2 – …
  12. New Jersey – 1 – … – …
  13. North Dakota – 1 – … – …
  14. Ohio – 131 – 3 -  1
  15. Pennsylvania - 17† – … – …
  16. South Dakota – … – 1  - …
  17. Texas - 1 -  1 – …
  18. Utah – 1 – … – …
  19. West Virginia – 5 – … – …
  20. Wisconsin – 22 – 2 – 1
    • Total – 390 – 20 – 10 – 420

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For more detailed information about previously detected human cases of variant influenza infection, see Reports of Human Infections with Variant Viruses

{†} On August 18, 2017 a variant case in Pennsylvania was reported in FluView. As of this time, that case has been characterized as an influenza A (H3) variant (H3v) virus. Further analysis is being performed at CDC to characterize the neuraminidase protein of this virus.

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Keywords: US CDC; USA; Updates; Swine Influenza; Human; H1N2v; H1N1v; H3N2v.

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#Measles–monitoring #European #outbreaks, 18 August 2017 (@ECDC_EU, edited)


Title: #Measles–monitoring #European #outbreaks, 18 August 2017.

Subject: Measles, current epidemiological situation in the European Region.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Epidemiological update: Measles - monitoring European outbreaks, 18 August 2017

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Summary

  • Romania and Italy have been experiencing large outbreaks of measles in 2017.
  • Cases continue to be reported despite ongoing reinforced vaccination activities at the national level.
  • All EU/EEA countries have reported measles cases this year, except for Latvia, Liechtenstein, Malta and Norway.


Update of the week

  • This week, Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Romania and the United Kingdom have provided updated case counts and several other countries have reported outbreaks.
  • According to national public health authorities, measles have caused 40 deaths in EU countries in 2016 and 2017.
  • In 2016, deaths occurred in Romania (12) and the UK (1).
  • In 2017, deaths were reported from Romania (20), Italy (3), Bulgaria (1), Germany (1), Portugal (1) and France (1).


Epidemiological summary

  • Epidemiological summary EU/EEA countries, with updates since last week:
    • Austria has reported one case since 11 August 2017.
      • In 2017, as of 11 August, Austria reported 81 measles cases. This exceeds the number of measles cases in 2016.
    • On 16 August 2017, Denmark reported one measles case residing in West Zealand, Denmark.
      • The case, an immigrant with uncertain vaccination status, returned to Denmark after staying in Poland in July 2017.
      • This is the second case of measles in 2017 in Denmark. In 2016 , Denmark reported three cases.
    • France: Media reported six measles cases, two adults and four children, in the north of Ardèche district between early July and 9 August 2017.
      • In 2017, as of 31 July, France reported 387 cases, including one death.
      • In 2016, France reported 79 cases.
    • Germany has reported ten cases since the last report on 11 August 2017.
      • In 2017, as of 16 August, Germany reported 828 measles cases.
      • During the same time period in 2016, Germany reported 210 cases.
    • Romania has reported 38 cases since 11 August 2017.
      • Since 1 January 2016 and as of 11 August 2017, Romania reported 8 493 cases, including 32 deaths.
      • Of these, 1 969 cases were reported during 2016, and 6 524 cases were reported in 2017.
    • United Kingdom: On 16 August 2017, media reported four additional cases related to the outbreak in Newport and Torfaen, Wales, bringing the number of cases related to this outbreak to 16.


ECDC assessment

  • Measles outbreaks continue to occur in EU/EEA countries.
  • There is a risk of spread and sustained transmission in areas with susceptible populations.
  • Vaccination with two doses remains the most effective measure.
  • ECDC link: Measles page


Actions

  • EU/EEA countries report measles cases on a monthly basis to ECDC who publishes them monthly.
  • Since 10 March 2017, ECDC has been reporting on measles outbreaks in Europe on a weekly basis.
  • ECDC also monitors worldwide outbreaks on a monthly basis through epidemic intelligence activities.
  • ECDC published a rapid risk assessment on 6 March 2017.

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; Measles.

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#Yemen – #Cholera Response – Daily #Epidemiological #Update, August 17 2017 (@WHO EMRO, edited)


Title: #Yemen – #Cholera Response – Daily #Epidemiological #Update, August 17 2017.

Subject: Acute Watery Diarrhea and Cholera outbreak in Yemen, daily update.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Yemen – Cholera Response – Daily Epidemiological Update, August 17 2017

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Cholera; Yemen.

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