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#Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS (@WHO, Apr. 2 ‘17)

  Title : #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS. Subject : Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (Asian Lineage), poultry e...

25 Apr 2017

#Avian #Influenza [#H7N9, #H5N1, #H5N8] #Report–Apr. 16-22 ‘17 (Wk 16) (#HK CHP Apr. 25 ‘17)

 

Title: #Avian #Influenza [#H7N9, #H5N1, #H5N8] #Report–Apr. 16-22 ‘17 (Wk 16) (#HK CHP Apr. 25 ‘17).

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5 and H7 subtypes, global poultry and wild birds panzootic, human cases in China.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full PDF document: (LINK).

Code: [     ][     ]

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Avian Influenza Report Avian - Reporting period: April 16, 2017 – April 22, 2017 (Week 16) (Published on April 25, 2017)

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VOLUME 13, NUMBER 16

Influenza Report is a weekly report produced by the Respiratory Disease Office, Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health. This report highlights global avian influenza activity in humans and birds.

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; China; Worldwide; Avian Influenza; H5N1; H5N6; H5N8; H7N9.

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#China, #Sichuan reported four additional #human cases of #H7N9 #influenza (CNEB, Apr. 25 ‘17)

 

Title: China, Sichuan reported four additional human cases of H7N9 influenza.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, human cases in Sichuan province of China.

Source: China National Emergency Broadcasting (CNEB), full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

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Four new cases of H7N9 avian influenza were reported in Chengdu

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2017-04-25 11:56 Source: China News Network

Chengdu, April 25 (Reporter Wang Peng Wang Jue) According to Chengdu Pengzhou City Health and Family Planning Bureau yesterday four additional human cases of H7N9 influenza have been confirmed. The four patients had live bird exposure history before symptoms onset.

On April 19, Pengzhou City reported the first fatality in a H7N9 avian influenza diagnosed patient.

After the outbreak, as of April 24, the provincial and municipal disease control institutions step by step confirmed that the city added 4 cases of H7N9, currently treated in Chengdu Public Health Clinical Medical Center.

These patients have live birds exposure history, without epidemiological association among them, their 123 close contacts are under medical observation and so far showed no symptoms.

At present, Pengzhou City to strengthen the influenza-like cases, unexplained cases of pneumonia monitoring and close contact with daily medical observation; increased drug and other materials contingency reserves; strict control of live poultry delivery; a comprehensive ban on live poultry trade, and Comprehensive clean disinfection; to strengthen the poultry farm immunity, monitoring and troubleshooting, cleaning and other epidemic prevention and control work.

Informed that there is no evidence that H7N9 virus gained ability to pass from person to person, and can be prevented, controlled, and cured.

At the same time, experts advise the public to pay attention to personal hygiene, as far as possible to avoid direct contact with dead birds and live poultry, buy fresh, live, frozen birds should pay attention to check the quarantine certificate, such as fever, headache, nasal congestion, cough, general discomfort and other flu-like symptoms , Should be timely medical treatment.

(…)

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Keywords: China; Sichuan; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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#China, #Sichuan province reported four new #human cases of #H7N9 #influenza (Sina, Apr. 25 ‘17)

 

Title: China, Sichuan province reported four new human cases of H7N9 influenza.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, human cases in Sichuan province of China.

Source: Sina, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

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China, Sichuan province reported four new human cases of H7N9 influenza

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April 24, according to Pengzhou City Health and Family Planning Bureau, an investigation conducted by provincial and municipal CDC confirmed four human cases of H7N9 influenza.

Pengzhou City reported so far a total of 5 cases of H7N9 influenza, of which 1 case of died.

In the face of the current H7N9 epidemic, the public how to correctly understand and prevent H7N9 virus infection, Chengdu Municipal Health Commission, the city CDC and the Municipal Public Health Clinical Medical Center experts were interpreted.

(…)

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Keywords: China; Sichuan; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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24 Apr 2017

#Measles and #rubella #monitoring (@ECDC_EU, summary)

 

Title: #Measles and #rubella #monitoring.

Subject: Measles and Rubella, Epidemic activity in the European Region, summary.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full PDF file: (LINK). Summary.

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SURVEILLANCE REPORT

Measles and rubella monitoring

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Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Measles and rubella monitoring, January 2017 – Disease surveillance data: 1 January 2016 – 31 December 2016. Stockholm: ECDC; 2017

© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2017

 

Main developments

    • The ECDC measles and rubella monitoring report is published twice a year.
    • The January issue reports on the previous calendar year, while the July issue focuses on the most recent measles and rubella season and presents the data collected over the past 12 months.
    • Visualised measles and rubella data are available online through the measles [1] and rubella [2] pages of the ECDC Surveillance Atlas of Infectious Diseases, updated monthly.
    • In addition, ECDC produces monthly highresolution measles maps [3].
  • Measles
    • Between 1 January and 31 December 2016, 3 767 cases of measles were reported by 30 EU/EEA countries.
    • Twenty-eight countries reported consistently throughout this 12-month period. 
    • Romania accounted for 42% of all cases reported during this period.
    • Measles is targeted for elimination in Europe.
    • The measles notification rate was below the elimination target (one case per million population) in 18 of the 30 reporting countries.
    • Eight of these 18 countries reported zero cases.
    • Twelve reporting countries had a notification rate above this indicator, with Romania reporting the highest rate (79.3 cases per million population).
    • The diagnosis of measles was confirmed by positive laboratory results (serology, virus detection or isolation) in 69% of all cases.
    • The highest age-specific notification rate was observed in infants under one year of age (76.1 cases per million population), followed by children aged 1–4 years (55.3 cases per million population).
    • These were the age groups most affected in Romania.
    • Twenty-eight percent of the cases were ≥20 years old. 
    • Of all cases with known age, 94% had a known vaccination status and of these, 87% were reported as unvaccinated.
    • In the target group for the first dose of routine childhood MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccination (children 1–4-years), 84% of all cases were unvaccinated. Some countries also administer the second dose in this age group. 
    • During the period 1 January to 31 December 2016, nine measles-related deaths were reported, eight in Romania and one in the United Kingdom.
    • Four of these deaths were in unvaccinated infants <1 year of age.
    • No cases were complicated by acute measles encephalitis.
  • Rubella
    • Twenty-eight EU/EEA countries reported 1 307 rubella cases during the period 1 January to 31 December 2016.
    • Twenty-five countries reported consistently for the 12-month period.
    • Rubella is targeted for elimination in Europe.
    • The rubella notification rate was lower than the elimination target (one case per million population) in 26 of the 28 countries.
    • Seventeen of these 26 countries reported zero cases.
    • Of the two countries with a notification rate above this indicator, the highest rate was reported by Poland (30.1 cases per million population).
    • Poland reported 1 144 rubella cases, 88% of all reported cases in the 12-month period.
    • This figure should be interpreted with caution because only 19 cases were confirmed by laboratory testing.
    • Data were reported in an aggregated format.
    • The highest number of cases was observed in 1–4-year-olds and 5–9year-olds.
  • Progress towards WHO elimination goals
    • In 2015, the vaccination coverage rate for the first dose of measles-containing vaccines was at least 95% in 17 EU/EEA countries, and for the first dose of rubella-containing vaccines at least 95% in 15 EU/EEA countries.
    • In eight countries, the vaccination coverage rate for the second dose of measles-containing vaccine was at least 95%.
    • Five countries did not submit data concerning the second dose for 2014 or 2015. 
    • At the fifth meeting of the Regional Verification Commission for Measles and Rubella on 24—26 October 2016 [4], of 53 countries in the WHO European Region, 24 (15 EU/EEA) were declared to have achieved the elimination goal for measles and 24 (16 EU/EEA) for rubella (based on 2015 data).
    • In addition, 13 countries (nine EU/EEA) were deemed to have interrupted endemic transmission for less than 36 months for measles and 11 for rubella (six EU/EEA), meaning that they are on their way to achieving the elimination goal.
    • If the elimination goal is to be achieved, high-quality surveillance is essential, while the vaccination coverage rates in young children targeted by routine vaccination programmes will have to be increased for both measles and rubella, and immunisation gaps closed in adolescents and adults who have missed opportunities for vaccination in the past.

(…)

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; Measles; Rubella.

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Middle East respiratory syndrome #coronavirus (#MERS-CoV) – #UAE (@WHO, Apr. 24 ‘17)

 

Title: Middle East respiratory syndrome #coronavirus (#MERS-CoV) – #UAE.

Subject: MERS, new cases in the United Arab Emirates.

Source: World Health Organization, full page: (LINK).

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Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – United Arab Emirates

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Disease outbreak news / 24 April 2017

Between 9 and 11 April 2017, the National IHR Focal Point of United Arab Emirates (UAE) reported two additional cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV).

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Details of the cases

The two cases identified in Abu Dhabi, UAE, were roommates.

The case reported to WHO on 9 April 2017 (31-year-old) passed away on 16 April 2017 and the second case reported to WHO on 11 April 2017, identified through tracing of household contacts, is asymptomatic and has been admitted to a negative pressure isolation room on a ward in hospital.

The source of infection of the 31-year-old MERS case is under investigation.

Contact tracing of household and healthcare contacts is ongoing.

Detailed information concerning the cases can be found in a separate document (see link below).

|-- MERS-CoV cases reported between 9 April and 11 April 2017 xlsx, 22kb –|

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To date, United Arab Emirates has reported 81 laboratory confirmed cases of MERS.

The last case was reported in June 2016 (see Disease Outbreak News published on 21 June 2016).

Globally, since September 2012, 1938 laboratory-confirmed cases of infection with MERS-CoV including at least 691 related deaths have been reported to WHO.

 

WHO risk assessment

MERS-CoV causes severe human infections resulting in high mortality and has demonstrated the ability to transmit between humans. So far, the observed human-to-human transmission has occurred mainly in health care settings.

The notification of additional cases does not change the overall risk assessment.

WHO expects that additional cases of MERS-CoV infection will be reported from the Middle East, and that cases will continue to be exported to other countries by individuals who might acquire the infection after exposure to animals or animal products (for example, following contact with dromedaries) or human source (for example, in a health care setting). WHO continues to monitor the epidemiological situation and conducts risk assessment based on the latest available information.

 

WHO advice

Based on the current situation and available information, WHO encourages all Member States to continue their surveillance for acute respiratory infections and to carefully review any unusual patterns.

Infection prevention and control measures are critical to prevent the possible spread of MERS-CoV in health care facilities. It is not always possible to identify patients with MERS-CoV early because like other respiratory infections, the early symptoms of MERS-CoV are non-specific. Therefore, health-care workers should always apply standard precautions consistently with all patients, regardless of their diagnosis. Droplet precautions should be added to the standard precautions when providing care to patients with symptoms of acute respiratory infection; contact precautions and eye protection should be added when caring for probable or confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection; airborne precautions should be applied when performing aerosol generating procedures.

Until more is understood about MERS-CoV, people with diabetes, renal failure, chronic lung disease, and immunocompromised persons are considered to be at high risk of severe disease from MERS-CoV infection. Therefore, these people should avoid close contact with animals, particularly dromedaries, when visiting farms, markets, or barn areas where the virus is known to be potentially circulating. General hygiene measures, such as regular hand washing before and after touching animals and avoiding contact with sick animals, should be adhered to.

Food hygiene practices should be observed. People should avoid drinking raw camel milk or camel urine, or eating meat that has not been properly cooked.

WHO does not advise special screening at points of entry with regard to this event nor does it currently recommend the application of any travel or trade restrictions.

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; MERS-CoV; UAE.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Iran [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Apr. 24 ‘15)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Iran [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N1 subtype, poultry epizootics in Iran.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Iran

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Information received on 22/04/2017 from Dr Mehdi Khalaj, Head of IVO, Iran Veterinary Organization (IVO), Iran Veterinary Organization, Ministry of Jihad-e-Agriculture, Tehran, Iran

  • Summary
    • Report type Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event 15/01/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event 16/01/2017
    • Report date 22/04/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE 24/04/2017
    • Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 29/07/2015
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to the whole country
  • New outbreaks
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Outbreak Location  - MAZANDARAN ( Gilapey, Mahmoodabad, Mahmoodabad )
      • Total animals affected:  Species -  Susceptible -  Cases -  Deaths -  Destroyed -  Slaughtered
        • Birds  -  230  -  39  -  10  -  220  -  0
      • Outbreak statistics:  Species -  Apparent morbidity rate -  Apparent mortality rate -  Apparent case fatality rate -  Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds -  16.96% -  4.35% -  25.64% -  100.00%
          • * Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter;
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments
    • 1 - The event was reported according to the Iran passive surveillance in place.
    • 2 - A post-outbreak investigation to trace the source of infection is ongoing to detect the probable spread and circulation of this subtype.
    • 3 - Active surveillance is ongoing.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Screening
      • Disinfection / Disinfestation
      • Quarantine
      • Stamping out
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Control of wildlife reservoirs
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type -  Central Veterinary Laboratory of Iran Veterinary Organization (CVL) ( National laboratory )
      • Tests and results:  Species -  Test -  Test date -  Result
        • Birds -  real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) -  16/01/2017 -  Positive
    • Laboratory name and type -  Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZS), Venezie (Italy) ( OIE Reference Laboratory )
      • Tests and results:  Species -  Test -  Test date -  Result
        • Birds -  gene sequencing -  18/04/2017 -  Positive
        • Birds -  real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) -  18/04/2017 -  Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
       

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N1 ; Poultry; Iran.

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#China, #Sichuan province: a #Pengzhou city resident died of #H7N9 #influenza, close contacts remained healthy so far (Apr. 24 ‘17)

 

Title: China, Sichuan province: a Pengzhou city resident died of H7N9 influenza, close contacts remained healthy so far.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, human case in Sichuan province of China.

Source: Local Media, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

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China, Sichuan province: a Pengzhou city resident died of H7N9 influenza, close contacts remained healthy so far

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According to Pengzhou City Health and Family Planning Bureau informed: April 23 7:45, a human H7N9 flu case, hospitalized at the Chengdu Public Health Clinical Medical Center, died after treatment failure.

Pengzhou City to strengthen influenza-like illness cases and unexplained respiratory infections monitoring, suspicious cases, sampling and inspection; for close contact with the daily medical observation, there are no abnormalities.

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Keywords: Sichuan; China; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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#Avian #Influenza [#H5N1, #H5N6]–Weekly #Update No. 581 (21 April 2017) (@WHO WPRO, edited)

 

Title: #Avian #Influenza [#H5N1, #H5N6]–Weekly #Update No. 581 (21 April 2017).

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5 subtypes, human cases in the Western Pacific Region of the WHO.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Western Pacific Region, full page: (LINK).

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Avian Influenza - Weekly Update No. 581 (21 April 2017)

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Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus

  • Between 14 and 20 April 2017, no new cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus were reported to WHO in the Western Pacific Region.
  • From January 2003 to 20 April 2017, a total of 238 cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus were reported from four countries within the Western Pacific Region (Table 1).
  • The last case was reported on 14 January 2016.
  • Of these cases, 134 were fatal, resulting in a case fatality rate (CFR) of 56%.
  • From January 2003 to 30 March 2017, there were 856 cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus reported from 16 countries worldwide.
  • Of these cases, 452 were fatal, resulting in a CFR of 52.8%.

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Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus

  • Between 31 March to 20 April 2017, no new cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N6) virus were reported to WHO in the Western Pacific Region.
  • The last case was reported on 1 December 2016 (source: http://www.who.int/csr/don/07-december-2016-ah5n6-china/en/).
  • A total of 16 laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with influenza A(H5N6) virus, including six deaths, have been reported to WHO from China since 2014.

 

Public health risk assessment for human infection with avian influenza A(H5) viruses

  • Whenever avian influenza viruses are circulating in poultry, sporadic infections and small clusters of human cases are possible in people exposed to infected poultry or contaminated environments, therefore sporadic human cases would not be unexpected.
  • With the rapid spread and magnitude of avian influenza outbreaks due to existing and new influenza A(H5) viruses in poultry in areas that have not experienced this disease in animals recently, there is a need for increased vigilance in the animal and public health sectors.
  • Community awareness of the potential dangers for human health is essential to prevent infection in humans.
  • Surveillance should be enhanced to detect human infections if they occur and to detect early changes in transmissibility and infectivity of the viruses.
  • For more information on confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H5) virus reported to WHO, visit: http://www.who.int/influenza/human_animal_interface/en/

 

Related links

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Asian Region; H5N1; H5N6; Human; Avian Influenza.

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23 Apr 2017

#Cholera in #Somalia, Weekly #update: April 2017 (@WHO EMRO, edited)

 

Title: #Cholera in #Somalia, Weekly #update: April 2017.

Subject: Cholera outbreak in Somalia, weekly update.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

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Cholera in Somalia, Weekly update: April 2017

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23 April 2017

The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 2745 cases of cholera and 28 deaths which were reported from 50 districts in 12 regions during week 15 (10–16 April). Out of 20 stool samples collected last week from suspected AWD/cholera cases in Dolow and Abudwak in Bay region, 12 tested positive for vibrio cholerae 01, ogawa serotype.

Since the start of the outbreak at the beginning of 2017, a cumulative total of 28,408 cholera cases and 558 deaths (CFR–2%) have been reported, with more cases expected as the rainy season (Gu) begins.

The health cluster led by WHO is working collaboratively with the Ministry of Health, partners and health authorities to respond to the outbreak and implement preventative measures around the country.

Integrated emergency response teams were trained in Mogadishu, and Bay and Gedo regions, to support integrated response activities in hard-to-reach areas. The Ministry of Health trained 60 health workers in cholera case management, surveillance, WASH and risk communications. The participants were selected from CTCs in Middle and Lower Shebelle regions.

The second round of Somalia's first oral cholera vaccination campaign began on 18 April in 7 high-risk areas in Banadir, Beledweyne and Kismayo. The campaign is set to run for 7 days and will target over 450,000 vulnerable persons over 1 year of age who have already received the first dose of the cholera vaccine.

After consecutive seasons of poor rainfall and lack of water, Somalia is experiencing a severe drought that has killed livestock and crops, and left around 6.2 out of 12.3 million people in in need of humanitarian assistance.

Nearly 3 million people face food insecurity and nearly 5.5 million people are at risk of contracting water-borne diseases. Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are also on the move in search of food, water, shelter and medical care.

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Keywords: Cholera; Updates; Somalia; WHO; Updates.

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#Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–April 23 2017 #Update, Issue No. 62

 

Title: #Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–April 23 2017 #Update, Issue No. 62.

Subject: Zika Virus Infection and related complications research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]

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This Week’s References:

  1. SIDDHARTHAN V, Van Wettere AJ, Li R, Miao J, et al.
  2. HEARD-GARRIS N, Arora S, Lurie N.
  3. VEST KG.
  4. BECKHAM JD.
  5. DOS SANTOS OLIVEIRA SJG, Dos Reis CL, Cipolotti R, Gurgel RQ, et al.
    • Anxiety, depression, and quality of life in mothers of newborns with microcephaly and presumed congenital Zika virus infection: a follow-up study during the first year after birth.
  6. LIN HZ, Tambyah PA, Yong EL, Biswas A, et al.
  7. STEFANIDIS A, Vraga E, Lamprianidis G, Radzikowski J, et al.
  8. CAVALCANTI DD, Alves LV, Furtado GJ, Santos CC, et al.
  9. GARCIA SERPA OSORIO-DE-CASTRO C, Silva Miranda E, Machado de Freitas C, Rochel de Camargo K Jr, et al.
    • The Zika Virus Outbreak in Brazil: Knowledge Gaps and Challenges for Risk Reduction.
  10. SLON CAMPOS JL, Marchese S, Rana J, Mossenta M, et al.
    • Temperature-dependent folding allows stable dimerization of secretory and virus-associated E proteins of Dengue and Zika viruses in mammalian cells.
  11. HASTINGS AK, Yockey LJ, Jagger BW, Hwang J, et al.
  12. ESTOPPEY D, Lee CM, Janoschke M, Lee BH, et al.
    • The Natural Product Cavinafungin Selectively Interferes with Zika and Dengue Virus Replication by Inhibition of the Host Signal Peptidase.
  13. VIEIRA MADCES, Cruz ACR, Barros ANM, Costa DL, et al.
    • Guillain-Barre syndrome and dengue-like disease in 2015: temporal relationship in Piaui state and implications on Zika virus surveillance.
  14. SILVA JVJ JUNIOR, Lopes TRR, Oliveira-Filho EF, Oliveira RADS, et al.
  15. KAM YW, Lee CY, Teo TH, Howland SW, et al.
  16. WONG LP, Alias H, Aghamohammadi N, Sam IC, et al.
    • Erratum: Wong, L.P., et al. The Self-Regulation Model of Illness: Comparison between Zika and Dengue and Its Application to Predict Mosquito Prevention Behaviours in Malaysia, a Dengue-Endemic Country
  17. WEBER DS, Alroy KA, Scheiner SM.
  18. RATHER IA, Lone JB, Bajpai VK, Park YH, et al.
  19. KAWIECKI AB, Mayton EH, Dutuze MF, Goupil BA, et al.
    • Tissue tropisms, infection kinetics, histologic lesions, and antibody response of the MR766 strain of Zika virus in a murine model.
  20. FOLKERS KM, Caplan AL, Igel LH.
  21. SMARTT CT, Stenn TMS, Chen TY, Teixeira MG, et al.
    • Evidence of Zika Virus RNA Fragments in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Field-Collected Eggs From Camacari, Bahia, Brazil.
  22. HO LL, Tsai YH, Lee WP, Liao ST, et al.
  23. YEPEZ JB, Murati FA, Pettito M, Penaranda CF, et al.
    • Ophthalmic Manifestations of Congenital Zika Syndrome in Colombia and Venezuela.
  24. PASTULA DM, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Kobau R.
  25. PERON JPS, Braga PCBB.
  26. WU Y, Liu Q, Zhou J, Xie W, et al.
    • Erratum: Zika virus evades interferon-mediated antiviral response through the co-operation of multiple nonstructural proteins in vitro.
  27. KHAWAR W, Bromberg R, Moor M, Lyubynska N, et al.
  28. ZACHARIAS N, Whitty J, Noblin S, Tsakiri S, et al.
  29. BERLIN J.
  30. SOUZA WV, Araujo TV, Albuquerque Mde F, Braga MC, et al.
    • Microcephaly in Pernambuco State, Brazil: epidemiological characteristics and evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of cutoff points for reporting suspected cases.
  31. CIOTA AT, Bialosuknia SM, Zink SD, Brecher M, et al.
  32. LIU Z, Zhou T, Lai Z, Zhang Z, et al.
  33. COLLINS MH, McGowan E, Jadi R, Young E, et al.
  34. YAREN O, Alto BW, Gangodkar PV, Ranade SR, et al.

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Keywords: Zika Virus; Zika References Library; Research; Abstracts.

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