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#Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS (@WHO, Apr. 2 ‘17)

  Title : #Avian #Influenza #H7N9 in #China: Preventing the Next #SARS. Subject : Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype (Asian Lineage), poultry e...

22 Jun 2017

#Zika Virus– This year #CaseCounts in the #US as of June 21 2017 (@CDCgov, edited)


Title: #Zika Virus– This year #CaseCounts in the #US as of June 21 2017.

Subject: Zika virus, current epidemiological situation in the US.

Source: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Zika Virus - Case Counts in the US as of June 21 2017

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Language: [ English (US) | Español | Português ]

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See Also


Provisional Data as of June 21, 2017

  • Zika virus disease is a nationally notifiable condition.
  • Cases are reported to CDC by state, territorial, and local health departments using standard case definitions.
  • This webpage contains provisional data reported to ArboNET for January 1, 2017 – June 21, 2017.

US States

  • 140 symptomatic Zika virus disease cases reported*
    • 139 cases in travelers returning from affected areas
    • 0 cases acquired through presumed local mosquito-borne transmission
    • 1 case acquired through sexual transmission

US Territories

  • 510 symptomatic Zika virus disease cases reported*
    • 0 cases in travelers returning from affected areas
    • 510 cases acquired through presumed local mosquito-borne transmission
    • 0 cases acquired through other routes†

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Footnotes

{*} Excludes congenital disease cases. Data reported to the US Zika Pregnancy Registry for outcomes of pregnancies with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection in the United States is available on Outcomes of Pregnancies with Laboratory Evidence of Possible Zika Virus Infection in the United States.

{†} Sexually transmitted cases are not reported for US territories because with local transmission of Zika virus it is not possible to determine whether infection occurred due to mosquito-borne or sexual transmission.


Cases by State and Territory

ARBONET Zika Travel Local Cases Map 2017

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Laboratory-confirmed symptomatic Zika virus disease cases and presumptive viremic blood donors reported to ArboNET by states and territories— United States, 2017 (Provisional data as of June 21, 2017)

[States - Symptomatic disease cases* (N=140): No. (%) - Presumptive viremic blood donors† (N=9): No. (%)]

  1. Alabama – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  2. Alaska – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  3. Arizona – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  4. Arkansas – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  5. California – 15 (11) – 1 (11)
  6. Colorado – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  7. Connecticut – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  8. Delaware – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  9. District of Columbia – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  10. Florida – 15 (11) – 3 (33)
  11. Georgia – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  12. Hawaii – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  13. Idaho – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  14. Illinois – 4 (3) – 0 (0)
  15. Indiana – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  16. Iowa – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  17. Kansas – 2 (1) – 0 (0)
  18. Kentucky – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  19. Louisiana – 1 (1) – 1 (11)
  20. Maine – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  21. Maryland – 4 (3) – 0 (0)
  22. Massachusetts – 6 (4) – 0 (0)
  23. Michigan – 6 (4) – 0 (0)
  24. Minnesota – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  25. Mississippi – 2 (1) – 0 (0)
  26. Missouri – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  27. Montana – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  28. Nebraska – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  29. Nevada – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  30. New Hampshire – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  31. New Jersey – 2 (1) – 0 (0)
  32. New Mexico – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  33. New York – 27 (19) – 1 (11)
  34. North Carolina – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  35. North Dakota – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  36. Ohio – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  37. Oklahoma – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  38. Oregon – 1 (1) – 0 (0)
  39. Pennsylvania – 4 (3) – 1 (11)
  40. Rhode Island – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  41. South Carolina – 2 (1) – 0 (0)
  42. South Dakota – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  43. Tennessee – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  44. Texas – 11 (8) – 1 (11)
  45. Utah – 0 (0) – 0 (0)
  46. Vermont – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  47. Virginia – 3 (2) – 0 (0)
  48. Washington – 2 (1) – 0 (0)
  49. West Virginia – 0 (0) – 1 (11)
  50. Wisconsin – 2 (1) – 0 (0)
  51. Wyoming – 2 (1) – 0 (0)


[Territories - Symptomatic disease cases* (N=510): No. (%) - Presumptive viremic blood donors† (N=3): No. (%)]

  1. American Samoa – 3 (1) – 0 (0)
  2. Puerto Rico – 470 (92) – 3 (100)
  3. U.S. Virgin Islands – 37 (7) – 0 (0)

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Footnotes

{*} Includes reported confirmed and probable Zika virus disease cases per the CSTE case definitions.

{†} Presumptive viremic blood donors are people who reported no symptoms at the time of donating blood, but whose blood tested positive when screened for the presence of Zika virus RNA by the blood collection agency. Some presumptive viremic blood donors develop symptoms after their donation or may have had symptoms in the past. These individuals may be reported as both Zika virus disease cases and presumptive viremic blood donors.

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Keywords: US CDC; USA; Updates; Zika Virus.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5, #Finland [infected #wildbirds] (#OIE, Jun 22 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5, #Finland [infected #wildbirds].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5Nx subtype, wild birds epizootics in Finland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5, Finland

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Information received on 22/06/2017 from Dr Taina Aaltonen, Chief Veterinary Officer and Deputy Director General, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Helsinki, Finland

  • Summary
    • Report type    Immediate notification (Final report)
    • Date of start of the event    26/05/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    02/06/2017
    • Report date    22/06/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    22/06/2017
    • Date event resolved    22/06/2017
    • Reason for notification    Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    27/04/2017
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic influenza A virus
    • Serotype    H5
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • New outbreaks (1)
    • Outbreak 1    - Sastamala, LÄNSI- JA SISÄ-SUOMI
      • Date of start of the outbreak    26/05/2017
      • Outbreak status    Resolved (22/06/2017)
      • Epidemiological unit    Not applicable
      • Affected animals: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae) – … – 1    - 0    - 1    - 0
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of  - Slaughtered
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)   - … – 1    - 0    - 1    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Whooper Swan:Cygnus cygnus(Anatidae)    - **    - **    - 0.00%    - **
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied   
      • Screening
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied   
      • No other measures
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type    - Species    - Test    - Test date    - Result
      • Finnish Food Safety Authority, Evira (National laboratory)    - Whooper Swan    - real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR)    - 31/05/2017    - Positive
      • Finnish Food Safety Authority, Evira (National laboratory)    - Whooper Swan    - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)    - 01/06/2017    - Positive
      • Finnish Food Safety Authority, Evira (National laboratory)    - Whooper Swan    - virus isolation    - 21/06/2017    - Negative
      • Finnish Food Safety Authority, Evira (National laboratory)    - Whooper Swan    - virus sequencing    - 02/06/2017    - Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.


(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N ; Wild Birds; Finland.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #SouthAfrica [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Jun 22 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #SouthAfrica [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in South Africa.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, South Africa

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Information received on 22/06/2017 from Dr Bothle Michael Modisane, Chief Director , Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Animal Production and Health, PRETORIA, South Africa

  • Summary
    • Report type    Immediate notification
    • Date of start of the event    19/06/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    22/06/2017
    • Report date    22/06/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    22/06/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Avian Influenza Virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • New outbreaks (1)
    • Outbreak 1 (AI_H5N8_2017)    - AI_H5N8_2017, Dipaleseng, MPUMALANGA
      • Date of start of the outbreak    19/06/2017
      • Outbreak status    Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      • Epidemiological unit    Farm
      • Affected animals: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 24000    - 5000    - 5000    - 0    - 0
          • Affected population    Commercial broiler breeder farm. Process has started to cull remainder of birds.
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 24000    - 5000    - 5000    - 0    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 20.83%    - 20.83%    - 100.00%    - 20.83%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive
  • Epidemiological comments   
    • Coordinates modified to protect confidentiality as required by South African Legislation.
  • Control measures
    • Measures applied   
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Traceability
      • Quarantine
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals
    • Measures to be applied   
      • Official destruction of animal products
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Stamping out
      • Disinfection
  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type    - Species    - Test    - Test date    - Result
      • Agricultural Research Council - Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute (ARC-OVI) (OIE Reference Laboratory)    - Birds    - polymerase chain reaction (PCR)    - 22/06/2017    - Positive
  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.


(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; South Africa.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Belgium [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Jun 22 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Belgium [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Belgium.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Belgium

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Information received on 21/06/2017 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 1
    • Date of start of the event    10/06/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    16/06/2017
    • Report date    21/06/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    21/06/2017
    • Reason for notification    Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    28/03/2017
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 972    - **    - 0    - 972    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - **    - 0.00%    - **    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          • **Not calculated because of missing information
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Introduction of new live animals
      • Fomites (humans, vehicles, feed, etc.)


(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Belgium.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Belgium [two captive #birds #outbreaks] (#OIE, Jun 22 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Belgium [two captive #birds #outbreaks].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Belgium.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (infection with) (non-poultry including wild birds) H5N8, Belgium

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Information received on 21/06/2017 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 3
    • Date of start of the event    22/05/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    01/06/2017
    • Report date    21/06/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    21/06/2017
    • Reason for notification    Recurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    28/03/2017
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Virus de l'influenza A hautement pathogène
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 2
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Killed and disposed of – Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 167    - 57    - 57    - 110    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 34.13%    - 34.13%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Introduction of new live animals


(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Belgium.

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#Cholera in #Yemen, Weekly #update: 22 June 2017 (@WHO EMRO, edited)


Title: #Cholera in #Yemen, Weekly #update: 22 June 2017.

Subject: Cholera outbreak in Yemen, current epidemiological situation.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Cholera in Yemen, Weekly update: 22 June 2017

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22 June 2017

The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded a total of 37 079 suspected cholera cases and 196 associated deaths during the period 13 June to 19 June 2017.

A cumulative total of 185,301 suspected cases of cholera and 1233 associated deaths have been recorded as of 21 June during this outbreak, which started in October 2016.

The overall case-fatality rate is 0.7%; however, it is higher among people aged over 60.

WHO and health partners are actively supporting the Ministry through a cholera task force to improve cholera response efforts at the national and local levels. This includes the establishment of 18 diarrhoea treatment facilities and 28 oral dehydration centres, training of health workers to manage cases, water purification in communities, deployment of rapid response team to manage cholera cases investigations and respond to the outbreak, enhancement of Yemen’s disease early warning surveillance systems, and provision of emergency medical supplies to treatment facilities.

Cholera has affected around 268 districts in 20 governorates across the country. While cholera is endemic in Yemen, the country has experienced a surge in cholera cases since 27 April 2017.

WHO and the King Salman Centre for Humanitarian Aid and Relief recently agreed to provide around US$ 8.3 million through health partners to support 7.3 million people in 13 priority governorates with life-saving health services, medical supplies and cholera case management efforts.

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Cholera; Yemen.

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#WestNile #fever #maps–#Situation #update, 22 June 2017 (@ECDC_EU, edited)


Title: #WestNile #fever #maps–#Situation #update, 22 June 2017.

Subject: WNV activity across European Region, current situation.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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West Nile fever maps - Situation update, 22 June 2017

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Since the beginning of the 2017 transmission season and as of 21 June 2017, no cases of West Nile fever in humans have been reported in the EU Member States and the neighbouring countries.

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High resolution maps

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; WNV.

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21 Jun 2017

#China, #Guizhou reported one new #human case of #H7N9 #influenza (Sina, Jun 21 ‘17)


Title: China, Guizhou reported one new human case of H7N9 influenza.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, human case in Guizhou province of China.

Source: Sina, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

Code: [     ]

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China, Guizhou reported one new human case of H7N9 influenza

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Xinhua News Agency, Guiyang, June 21 (Reporter Li Jing Ya) Guiyang City, Guizhou Province, Baiyun District, recently confirmed a case of human infection H7N9 cases, the current patient is being treated.

Reporters were told on the 21st from the Guizhou Provincial Health Commission learned that the Guizhou Medical University Affiliated Baiyun Branch on Jun. 19 reported a case of unexplained pneumonia; specimens was sent to the Guiyang City CDC for testing and they were H7N9 virus positive. The Guizhou Provincial Center for Disease Control and Influenza Laboratory Review and clinical expert diagnosis, diagnosed a human infection H7N9 flu virus.

According to reports, the case is a male, 33 years old, who lives in Guiyang City Baiyun District Yan Shanhong town, before the disease has been involved in poultry sales stalls transport live chickens.

On June 15 he had symptoms onset, and on June 19 went to the Guizhou Medical University Hospital integrated ICU diagnosis and treatment.

It is reported that the Guizhou Provincial Health Commission received a report, the rapid dispatch of provincial expert group rushed to the Baiyun District to carry out epidemiological investigation, the establishment of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, the provincial medical treatment expert group, to do a good job Treatment work.

At the same time, to strengthen the patient in close contact with medical observation, and to carry out the situation and risk assessment, to guide the implementation of prevention and control measures to strengthen monitoring and early warning and epidemic reporting, and strengthen health education. At present, all close contacts do not appear fever, cough and other flu-like symptoms.

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Keywords: China; Ghizhou; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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#China, #Tianjin reported one new #human case of #H7N9 #influenza (Ifeng, Jun 21 ‘17)


Title: China, Tianjin reported one new human case of H7N9 influenza.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7N9 subtype, human case in the Tianjin municipality of China.

Source: Ifeng, full page: (LINK). Article in Chinese, edited.

Code: [     ]

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China, Tianjin reported one new human case of H7N9 influenza

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On June 20, 2017, a case of H7N9 was diagnosed in Tianjin.

The case is a male, 62 years old, who lives in Jinghai District. At present the patient in treated at the designated hospital.

His Close contacts are under medical observation, as of now showed no abnormalities.

After the outbreak of the epidemic, the city immediately organized epidemiological survey and close contact with the medical observation, mobilization of experts to treat patients, the epidemic around the live poultry culling and harmless treatment, strengthening the medical institutions unexplained pneumonia monitoring and Poultry, external environmental monitoring, to ensure that the epidemic can be controlled. ("Jin Yun" - Northern Network Editor Li Tong)

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Keywords: China; Tianjin; H7N9; Avian Influenza; Human.

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@WHO #TOOLKIT FOR #CARE & #SUPPORT OF PEOPLE AFFECTED BY #COMPLICATIONS OF #ZIKA (June 21 ‘17)


Title: @WHO #TOOLKIT FOR #CARE & #SUPPORT OF PEOPLE AFFECTED BY #COMPLICATIONS OF #ZIKA.

Subject: Zika Virus Infection and related complications, care and support of patients.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), full PDF file: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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WHO TOOLKIT  FOR THE CARE AND SUPPORT OF PEOPLE AFFECTED BY COMPLICATIONS ASSOCIATED  WITH ZIKA VIRUS

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WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data: WHO Toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus. ISBN 978-92-4-151271-8   

© World Health Organization 2017

Some rights reserved. This work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareA-like 3.0 IGO license (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/igo).

Under the terms of this license, you may copy, redistribute and adapt the work for non-commercial purposes, provided the work is appropriately cited, as indicated below. In any use of this work, there should be no suggestion that WHO endorses any specific organization, products or services. The use of the WHO logo is not permitted. If you adapt the work, then you must license your work under the same or equivalent Creative Commons license. If you create a translation of this work, you should add the following disclaimer along with the suggested citation: “This translation was not created by the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO is not responsible for the content or accuracy of this translation. The original English edition shall be the binding and authentic edition”.

Any mediation relating to disputes arising under the license shall be conducted in accordance with the mediation rules of the World Intellectual Property Organization.

Suggested citation. World Health Organization. WHO Toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2017. License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.

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For information and feedback on this document, or to request guidance for training Facilitators’ please contact (zika-toolkit@who.int).

The photos are for illustration purposes only. The people depicted are not related in any way to the subject of the publication. Photo Credit: WHO Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

Edited by Elisabeth Heseltine

Design and layout by Erica Lefstad.

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Zika Virus.

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