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#Analysis of recent #scientific #information on #avian #influenza A(#H7N9) virus - 10 February 2017 (@WHO, edited)

  Title : #Analysis of recent #scientific #information on #avian #influenza A(#H7N9) virus - 10 February 2017. Subject : Avian Influenza, ...

27 Mar 2017

#USA, Confirmed #H7, Presumptive Low Pathogenic #Avian #Influenza in a Commercial #Flock in #Georgia (DoA, Mar. 27 ‘17)

 

Title: #USA, Confirmed #H7, Presumptive Low Pathogenic #Avian #Influenza in a Commercial #Flock in #Georgia.

Subject: Avian Influenza, H7 subtype, poultry epizootics in USA.

Source: US State of Georgia Department of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Confirmed H7, Presumptive Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza in a Commercial Flock in Georgia

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Georgia Department of Agriculture, Gary W. Black, Commissioner, 19 Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. SW, Atlanta, GA 30334, www.agr.georgia.gov - Find us on Facebook • Follow on Twitter: @GDAFoodSafety@GeorgiaGrown

Press Release / FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE / Monday, March 27, 2017 / Office of Communications: 404-656-3689

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A flock of chickens at a commercial poultry breeding operation located in Chattooga County has tested positive for H7, presumptive low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI). This is the first confirmation of avian influenza in domestic poultry in Georgia. Avian influenza does not pose a risk to the food supply, and no affected animals entered the food chain. The risk of human infection with avian influenza during poultry outbreaks is very low.

The virus was identified during routine pre-sale screening for the commercial facility and was confirmed as H7 avian influenza by the USDA National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames, Iowa. As a precaution the affected flock has been depopulated. Officials are testing and monitoring other flocks within the surveillance area and no other flocks have tested positive or experienced any clinical signs.

The announcement follows similar confirmations from Alabama, Kentucky and Tennessee in recent weeks.

The Georgia case is considered a presumptive low pathogenic avian influenza because the flock did not show any signs of illness. While LPAI is different from HPAI, control measures are under way as a precautionary measure. Wild birds are the source of the virus. Avian influenza virus strains often occur naturally in wild birds, and can infect wild migratory birds without causing illness.

“Poultry is the top sector of our number one industry, agriculture, and we are committed to protecting the livelihoods of the many farm families that are dependent on it,” said Georgia Commissioner of Agriculture Gary W. Black.

“In order to successfully do that, it is imperative that we continue our efforts of extensive biosecurity.”

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The official order prohibiting poultry exhibitions and the assembling of poultry to be sold issued by the state veterinarian’s office on March 16, 2017, remains in effect.

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The order prohibits all poultry exhibitions, sales at regional and county fairs, festivals, swap meets, live bird markets, flea markets, and auctions. The order also prohibits the concentration, collection or assembly of poultry of all types, including wild waterfowl from one or more premises for purposes of sale. Shipments of eggs or baby chicks from National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP), Avian Influenza Clean, approved facilities are not affected by this order.

Owners of poultry flocks are encouraged to closely observe their birds and report a sudden increase in the number of sick birds or bird deaths to the state veterinarian’s office at (855) 491-1432. For more updates and information regarding biosecurity tips visit www.ga-ai.org or www.allinallgone.com.

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Keywords: USA; Updates; Georgia; H7; Avian Influenza; Poultry.

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#Risk #Assessment: #MDR #TB in #migrants, multi-country #cluster, March 2017 (@ECDC_EU, summary)

 

Title: #Risk #Assessment: #MDR #TB in #migrants, multi-country #cluster, March 2017.

Subject: Tuberculosis, multi-drugs resistant, cluster of cases in several European Countries.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), full PDF file: (LINK). Summary.

Code: [     ]

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RAPID RISK ASSESSMENT

MDR tuberculosis in migrants, multi-country cluster, March 2017

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Suggested citation: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in migrants, multicountry cluster – 27 March 2017. Stockholm: ECDC; 2017.

© European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Stockholm, 2017

 

Conclusions and options for response

  • A multi-country cluster of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) involving 25 migrants has been delineated by whole genome sequencing (WGS).
  • All cases have a recent history of migration from Somalia (22 cases), Eritrea (2 cases) and Ethiopia (1 case).
  • Cases have been reported by Germany (13 cases), Switzerland (8 cases), Austria (2 cases), Finland and Sweden (1 case each).
  • A WGS analysis of the 25 cluster isolates supports the hypothesis that the cases are part of a chain of recent transmission likely to have taken place either in the country of origin or in a place along the migration route to the country of destination.
  • Based on the currently available information, it is not possible as of yet to rule out that transmission occurred in an EU/EFTA country.
  • It therefore remains important to rapidly investigate exposure risk factors, including the travel history and itineraries of patients and their contacts, and share this information to determine whether transmission may have taken place in the EU/EFTA, during migration, or in the country of origin.
  • Depending on the results of the investigation, appropriate prevention and control measures should be taken.
  • Although the number of cases detected so far suggests that there is only a limited risk of this cluster becoming a widespread event in Europe, more cases may yet be identified in association with this cluster.
  • Early case finding of active TB and drug susceptibility testing, especially in newly arriving migrants from the Horn of Africa, is important in order to identify and treat active cases and to provide preventive treatment or monitoring for those diagnosed with latent tuberculosis infection.

(…)

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Keywords: ECDC; Updates; European Region; Tuberculosis; MDR-TB.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Poland [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Mar. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N8, #Poland [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N8 subtype, poultry epizootics in Poland.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8, Poland

Information received on 24/03/2017 from Dr Pawel Niemczuk, Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, POL Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, VARSOVIE, Poland

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 37
    • Date of start of the event    28/10/2016
    • Date of confirmation of the event    05/11/2016
    • Report date    24/03/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    24/03/2017
    • Reason for notification    New strain of a listed disease in the country
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N8
    • Nature of diagnosis    Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    a defined zone within the country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 23    - 13    - 13    - 10    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 56.52%    - 56.52%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N8 ; Poultry; Poland.

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Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Vietnam [a #poultry #outbreak] (#OIE, Mar. 27 ‘17)


Title: Highly pathogenic #avian #influenza #H5N1, #Vietnam [a #poultry #outbreak].

Subject: Avian Influenza, H5N1 subtype, poultry epizootics in Vietnam.

Source: OIE, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Vietnam

Information received on 25/03/2017 from Dr Dong Pham Van, Director General, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoï, Vietnam

  • Summary
    • Report type    Follow-up report No. 6
    • Date of start of the event    14/02/2017
    • Date of confirmation of the event    15/02/2017
    • Report date    25/03/2017
    • Date submitted to OIE    25/03/2017
    • Reason for notification    Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence    10/2016
    • Manifestation of disease    Clinical disease
    • Causal agent    Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype    H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis    Clinical, Laboratory (advanced)
    • This event pertains to    the whole country
  • Summary of outbreaks   
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species    - Susceptible    - Cases    - Deaths    - Destroyed    - Slaughtered
        • Birds    - 891    - 200    - 200    - 691    - 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species    - Apparent morbidity rate    - Apparent mortality rate    - Apparent case fatality rate    - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds    - 22.45%    - 22.45%    - 100.00%    - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection   
      • Unknown or inconclusive

(...)

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Keywords: OIE; Updates; Avian Influenza; H5N1 ; Poultry; Vietnam.

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#MERS #Epidemic in #Saudi Arabia: One New Case reported on March 27 2017 (@SaudiMOH, edited)

 

Title: MERS Epidemic in Saudi Arabia: One New Case reported on March 27 2017.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Epidemic in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, current situation.

Source: Saudi Arabia Ministry of Health, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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MOH: '1 New Confirmed Coronavirus Case Recorded'

3/27/2017

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New Case(s) reported:

[Sex, Age, Citizenship, Resident in, Health Status, Note]

  1. M, 54, Saudi, Al Karj, stable; *

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{*} Primary case (contact with camels).

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Cumulative number of confirmed cases and deaths since 2012:

  • Total No. of Confirmed Cases: 1581
  • Total No. of Deaths: 659
  • Patients currently on treatment: 10
  • Apparent Case Fatality Rate: 41.6%

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Keywords: Saudi Arabia; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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#Cholera in #Somalia, Weekly #Update: 26 March 2017 (@WHO EMRO)

 

Title: #Cholera in #Somalia, Weekly #Update: 26 March 2017.

Subject: Cholera outbreak in Somalia, current epidemiological situation.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO), Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Weekly Update: cholera in Somalia, 26 March 2017

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26 March 2017

The number of cholera cases reported by the Ministry of Health in Somalia has reached a cumulative 17 211 cases and 388 deaths with a case fatality rate of 2.25%, which is nearly 4 times as many as were recorded for the same period in 2016, and surpasses the total number of cases recorded in 2016.

While the AWD/ cholera epidemic has been controlled in Hiran, Banadir, Middle Shebelle and Galgadud, most of the recently reported cases were from inaccessible villages in Bay and Gedo regions.

The Ministry of Health and the health cluster led by WHO continue to collaborate with partners and health authorities on response and prevention activities around the country.

In order to address the inaccessibility of cholera treatment centres for people in inaccessible villages in Bay region, the Ministry has deployed doctors and health workers who were trained at Banadir hospital in Mogadishu on case management and surveillance. This is in addition to the 20 health workers already deployed in Bakool and Bay region. 

Somalia is at the brink of another famine, after consecutive seasons of poor rainfall and lack of water have killed livestock and crops. This has left around 6.2 out of 12.3 million people in Somalia in need of humanitarian assistance.

Nearly 3 million people face food insecurity and nearly 5.5 million people are at risk of contracting water-borne diseases. 

Hundreds of thousands of vulnerable people are also on the move in search of food, water, shelter and medical care.

Some of the key needs at present are safe food and water for the affected communities, essential medicines at treatment centres and funds to continue the training and deployment of health workers to the most hard-hit areas.

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Keywords: WHO; Updates; Somalia; Cholera; Famine; AWD.

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26 Mar 2017

#Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–March 26 2017 #Update, Issue No. 58

 

Title: #Zika #Virus #Research #References #Library–March 26 2017 #Update, Issue No. 58.

Subject: Zika Virus Infection and related complications research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]

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This Week’s References:

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  1. QUINTO L, Garcia-Basteiro AL, Bardaji A, Gonzalez R, et al.
  2. SNYDER RE, Boone CE, Cardoso CA, Aguiar-Alves F, et al.
  3. CHIMELLI L, Melo AS, Avvad-Portari E, Wiley CA, et al.
    • The spectrum of neuropathological changes associated with congenital Zika virus infection.
  4. RATANACHAROENSIRI A, Huggins L, Johnson M, Patel I, et al.
  5. RIBEIRO EM, Lopes TF, Kerbage SC, Pessoa AL, et al.
    • From the perception of a cluster of cases of children with microcephaly to congenital Zika syndrome in Brazil: the lessons we have learned and the challenges that lie ahead of us.
  6. BULLIVANT G, Martinou AF.
  7. FUNG IC, Blankenship EB, Goff ME, Mullican LA, et al.
  8. MANI RS.
  9. DEL CAMPO M, Feitosa IM, Ribeiro EM, Horovitz DD, et al.
  10. HE D, Gao D, Lou Y, Zhao S, et al.
  11. WANG A, Thurmond S, Islas L, Hui K, et al.
  12. CHAHAL JS, Fang T, Woodham AW, Khan OF, et al.
  13. SHACHAM E, Nelson EJ, Hoft DF, Schootman M, et al.
    • Potential High-Risk Areas for Zika Virus Transmission in the Contiguous United States.
  14. IPPOLITO G, Bordi L.
  15. BELL SG.
  16. MILLER E, Becker Z, Shalev D, Lee CT, et al.
  17. MELO AS, Chimelli L, Tanuri A.
  18. LEYSER M, Nascimento OJ.
  19. PERKINS TA, Siraj AS, Ruktanonchai CW, Kraemer MU, et al.
  20. SHI Y, Gao GF.
  21. JOOB B, Wiwanitkit V.
  22. AGRAWAL R, Oo HH, Balne PK, Ng L, et al.
  23. ROSSIGNOL ED, Peters KN, Connor JH, Bullitt E, et al.
  24. PRIYE A, Bird SW, Light YK, Ball CS, et al.
  25. YUAN S, Luo Q, Zhang ZW, Li ZL, et al.
  26. DODSON BL, Rasgon JL.
  27. RAMAIAH A, Dai L, Contreras D, Sinha S, et al.
    • Comparative analysis of protein evolution in the genome of pre-epidemic and epidemic Zika virus.
  28. LI C, Deng YQ, Wang S, Ma F, et al.
  29. CARRIERI M, Albieri A, Urbanelli S, Angelini P, et al.
    • Quality control and data validation procedure in large-scale quantitative monitoring of mosquito density: the case of Aedes albopictus in Emilia-Romagna region, Italy.
  30. KENNEDY MS.
  31. MARIO LC, Borghesi J, Crivellari-Damasceno WT, Favaron PO, et al.
  32. SALAM AP, Rojek A, Dunning J, Horby PW, et al.
    • Clinical Trials of Therapeutics for the Prevention of Congenital Zika Virus Disease: Challenges and Potential Solutions.
  33. SINGH NK, Tyagi A.
  34. MENESES JD, Ishigami AC, de Mello LM, Albuquerque LL, et al.
    • Lessons Learned at the Epicenter of Brazil's Congenital Zika Epidemic: Evidence from 87 Confirmed Cases.
  35. HALSTEAD SB.
  36. PAULES CI, Fauci AS.
  37. WINKLER CW, Myers LM, Woods TA, Messer RJ, et al.
    • Adaptive Immune Responses to Zika Virus Are Important for Controlling Virus Infection and Preventing Infection in Brain and Testes.
  38. HANCOCK WT, Soeters HM, Hills SL, Link-Gelles R, et al.
    • Establishing a Timeline to Discontinue Routine Testing of Asymptomatic Pregnant Women for Zika Virus Infection - American Samoa, 2016-2017.
  39. MORAES FM, Esposito DL, Fonseca BA.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Zika Virus.

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#HK, Suspected case tests negative for #MERS-CoV (CHP, Mar. 26 ‘17)

 

Title: #HK, Suspected case tests negative for #MERS-CoV.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, suspected imported case in Hong Kong.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Suspected case tests negative for MERS-CoV

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The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (March 26) reported that the suspected case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) pending results yesterday (March 25) tested negative for MERS Coronavirus upon preliminary testing.

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Ends/Sunday, March 26, 2017 / Issued at HKT 18:11 / NNNN

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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25 Mar 2017

#HK, Suspected #MERS case reported (CHP, Mar. 25 ‘17)

 

Title: #HK, Suspected #MERS case reported.

Subject: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, suspected imported case in Hong Kong.

Source: Centre for Health Protection, Hong Kong PRC SAR, full page: (LINK).

Code: [     ]

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Suspected MERS case reported

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The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (March 25) reported a suspected case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and again urged the public to pay special attention to safety during travel, taking due consideration of health risks of the places of visit.

The case is detailed below:

  • Sex – Female
  • Age – 25
  • Affected area involved – Jordan
  • Risk exposure - With camel contact
  • Hospital - Queen Mary Hospital
  • Condition – Stable
  • MERS-CoV preliminary test result – Pending

(…)

The public may visit:

Tour leaders and tour guides operating overseas tours are advised to refer to the CHP's health advice on MERS.

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Keywords: HK PRC SAR; Updates; MERS-CoV.

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#Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library–March 25 2017 Issue

 

Title: #Influenza and other #Respiratory #Viruses #Research #References #Library–March 25 2017 Issue.

Subject: Influenza Viruses of Human and Animal origin, other respiratory pathogens research, weekly references library update.

Source: AMEDEO, homepage: (LINK).

Code: [  R  ]

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This Week’s References:

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  1. MOASSER E, Behzadian F, Moattari A, Fotouhi F, et al.
    • Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of human influenza A viruses isolated in Iran during the 2014-2015 season.
  2. HAWKES N.
  3. SHAY DK, Chillarige Y, Kelman J, Forshee RA, et al.
    • Comparative Effectiveness of High-Dose Versus Standard-Dose Influenza Vaccines Among US Medicare Beneficiaries in Preventing Postinfluenza Deaths During 2012-2013 and 2013-2014.
  4. MONTO AS.
  5. ARNOTT A, Carville K, Franklin L, Sullivan SG, et al.
  6. WANG S, Ren H, Jiang W, Chen H, et al.
    • Divergent requirement of Fc-FcgammaR interactions for in vivo protection against influenza viruses by two pan-H5 hemagglutinin antibodies.
  7. WHITE MC, Steel J, Lowen AC.
    • Heterologous packaging signals on HA, but not NA or NS, limit influenza A virus reassortment.
  8. COBBIN JC, Alfelali M, Barasheed O, Taylor J, et al.
  9. KWON HI, Kim YI, Park SJ, Song MS, et al.
    • Evaluation of the immune responses to and cross-protective efficacy of Eurasian H7 avian influenza viruses.
  10. FREIDL G, Bruin E, Schipper M, Koopmans M, et al.
    • Exploring novel sero-epidemiological tools-Effect of different storage conditions on longitudinal stability of microarray slides comprising influenza A-, measles- and Streptococcus pneumoniae antigens.
  11. KANG GJ, Culp RK, Abbas KM.
    • Facilitators and barriers of parental attitudes and beliefs toward school-located influenza vaccination in the United States: Systematic review.
  12. GUIOMAR R, Pereira da Silva S, Conde P, Cristovao P, et al.
    • Cross-protection to new drifted influenza A(H3) viruses and prevalence of protective antibodies to seasonal influenza, during 2014 in Portugal.

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Keywords: Research; Abstracts; Influenza References Library.

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